Persistent DWI defendants are more likely to be high-risk to re-offend and require more intensive services and interventions. They may present with one or more of the following:
- Anti-social behaviors, attitudes and friends
- Severe substance abuse issues, including:
- poly-substance use (e.g., combining prescription medications or illegal drugs with alcohol)
- failure to recognize they have a problem
- resistance to change and treatment
- Mental health issues:
- failure to take prescription medications and substituting alcohol
- exhibiting suicidal thoughts
- Prior criminal offenses and/or driving violations
- previous alcohol-related, non-traffic offenses (e.g., domestic abuse, disorderly conduct, assault)
Persistent offenders may also be:
- Older, problem drinkers with a constellation of other issues.
- Risk-taking young drivers with high-BACs, previous driving violations and other identified problem behaviors. They may exhibit a propensity for poor judgment, making poor choices and engaging in risky behavior.
- Considered impoverished or have limited income. The criminal justice process may maintain or accelerate the cycle of poverty, resulting in the inability to pay fines and fees while maintaining employment due to the conviction and loss of transportation. Large fines and fees may become insurmountable obstacles to low-income offenders rendering them unable to regain driving privileges due to their inability to pay court-ordered financial obligations and treatment costs and because of their lack of reliable transportation to attend treatment, employment or other required activities.
- Survivors of traumatic events or abuse with ineffective coping skills.
- Stuck in jail, unable to post bail or waiting for an opening in a treatment facility.