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Traffic injury Research Foundation

Core Research

DWI SYSTEM IMPROVEMENTS

System Reports


Out of this project, four reports were created for the four main facets of the DWI system. Police, prosecutors, judges, and probation officers from across the United States were polled. Each of these groups identified a set of priority problems they face in dealing with hard core repeat offenders and offered their views about practical remedies to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the DWI system.

 

Enforcement


This report underscores the need for system improvements by identifying key problems in the enforcement of DWI laws and the detection and apprehension of hard core drinking drivers. As well, it offers practical and cost-effective solutions identified through extensive research, including a survey of several thousand front-line officers.


The research began with an exhaustive literature review to identify a wide range of problems in the detection and apprehension of repeat offenders. This research was synthesized and condensed into a short-list of priority issues. Workshops were held in six states with 32 experienced DWI officers, from 20 different districts. Workshop participants verified, expanded and prioritized the problem list and developed a list of associated solutions. Based on workshop findings, a national survey was constructed and distributed with the assistance of the Highway Safety Committee of the International Association of Chiefs of Police. Over 2,700 officers responded from state and local agencies in 16 states. These data form the basis for the report.

Enforcement

Executive Summary

Full Report

Prosecution


This report underscores the need for system improvements by identifying key problems in the prosecution of DWI offenses committed by hard core drinking drivers. As well, it offers practical and cost-effective solutions identified through extensive research, including a survey of several hundred front-line prosecutors.


The research began with an exhaustive literature review to identify a wide range of problems in the prosecution of repeat offenders. This research was synthesized and condensed into a short-list of priority issues. Workshops were held in six states with 28 experienced DWI prosecutors, from 23 different jurisdictions. Workshop participants verified, expanded and prioritized the problem list and developed a list of associated solutions. Based on workshop findings, a national survey was constructed and distributed with the assistance of District Attorneys (or their equivalent) across the country. Almost 400 misdemeanor and felony prosecutors responded, representing 35 states. These data form the basis for the report.

Prosecution

Executive Summary

Full Report

Adjudication and Sanctioning


This report underscores the need for system improvements by identifying key problems in the adjudication of DWI cases and the sanctioning of hard core drinking drivers. As well, it offers practical and cost-effective solutions identified through extensive research, including a survey of several hundred judges representing limited and general jurisdiction courts in 42 states.


The research began with an exhaustive literature review to identify a wide range of problems in the adjudication and sanctioning of repeat offenders. This research was synthesized and condensed into a short-list of priority issues. Workshops were held in five states with 22 judges experienced in DWI cases, from 19 different judicial districts. Workshop participants verified, expanded and prioritized the problem list and developed a list of associated solutions. Based on workshop findings a national survey was constructed and distributed with the assistance of the Conference of State Court Administrators. Approximately 900 judges responded from limited and general jurisdiction courts in 44 states. These data formed the basis for this report.

Sanctioning


Executive Summary

Full Report

Monitoring


This report underscores the need for system improvements by identifying key problems in the monitoring of hard core drinking drivers. As well, it offers practical and cost-effective solutions identified through extensive research, including a survey of several hundred probation and parole officers representing 41 states.


The research began with an exhaustive literature review to identify a wide range of problems in the monitoring of repeat offenders. This research was synthesized and condensed into a short-list of priority issues. Workshops were held in Minnesota in conjunction with the Annual Training Institute of the American Probation and Parole Association with probation officers and treatment staff experienced in DWI cases, from several different districts. Workshop participants verified, expanded and prioritized the problem list and developed a list of associated solutions. Based on workshop findings a national survey was constructed and distributed with the assistance of the American Probation and Parole Association. 890 probation and parole officers responded representing 41 states. These data form the basis for this report.

Monitoring

Executive Summary

Full Report

Summary


This report consolidates information gleaned from the four previously released, comprehensive reports that delineated problems at all phases in the criminal DWI system and focused in detail on how to stop what is a revolving door for hard core repeat offenders. Its purpose is to highlight the most significant, widely-supported priority recommendations for changes in the criminal justice system to address the drunk driving problem and to facilitate coordinated action by key professional organizations to implement the needed changes.


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